Tuesday, June 2, 2009

GA 18 & 19

GA Standard 18 & 19 Review
SSUSH18 The student will describe Franklin Roosevelt’s New Deal as a response to the depression and compare the ways governmental programs aided those in need.
SSUSH19 The student will identify the origins, major developments, and the domestic impact of World War II, especially the growth of the federal government.

Fill in the blank using the word pool.
President Franklin Roosevelt offered a “New Deal” to help Americans escape the Great Depression. He succeeded in having many pieces of legislation passed in his first 100 days in office. In 1933, Congress created the Tennessee Valley Authority as a way to employ Americans while accomplishing necessary environmental changes such as flood control. During this time, workers gained additional protections such as collective bargaining. The National Labor Relations (or Wagner) Act of 1935 protected the rights of most workers in the private sector to organize labor unions, engage in collective bargaining, and to take part in strikes and other activities in support of their demands. One very important law was the Social Security Act, which established a system of old-age benefits for workers, benefits for victims of industrial accidents, and others who might have difficulty taking care of themselves.
Eleanor Roosevelt was the wife of Franklin Roosevelt, and was an example of an independent, intelligent woman. President Roosevelt’s plan to reorganize the judiciary was called the “court packing bill”, and allowed Roosevelt to appoint many Supreme Court Justices who were sympathetic to his goals.

Choose the correct leader.
1. Emperor of Japan during WWII. _
2. Led the U.S. during the second half of the Great Depression and WWII. _
3. Head of the Nazis and Germany’s Third Reich. _
4. Prime Minister of Great Britain during WWII. _
5. Dictator of the Soviet Union at the beginning of WWII. _
6. Italy’s WWII Fascist leader. _
A. Franklin Roosevelt B. Adolf Hitler C. Winston Churchill D. Hirohito (Showa) E. Joseph Stalin F. Benito Mussolini

List the battles in correct order and choose their significance. See #1 for example.
1. Attack on Pearl Harbor, C.
2. Battle of the Atlantic, A.
3. Battle of Stalingrad, G.
4. Battle of Midway, B.
5. Battle of Leyte Gulf, E.
6. D-Day, F.
7. Bombing of Nagasaki, D.
A. The continual struggle during WWII for U.S. ships to cross the Atlantic Ocean without destruction from Axis submarines.
B. The ocean battle fought entirely in the air which resulted in the sinking of 4 Japanese carriers.
C. The Japanese attack which brought the U.S. into WWII.
D. The second nuclear strike on Japan which ended WWII.
E. The largest naval battle in history.
F. First day of the Allied invasion of Western Europe.
G. Huge battle in the Soviet Union which ended the expansion in European territory by Germany.


totalitarian: a government that has total control over the nation and citizen lives.
facism: a political philosophy that emphasizes the importance of the nation or an ethnic group, and the supreme authority of the leader over the individual.
Nazism: an extreme form of facism used in Germany.
Axis Powers: during WWII, Italy, Germany, and Japan.
appeasement: giving in to competitor’s demands to preserve the peace.
blitzkrieg: Germany’s “lightning war” method of rapid air and land attack used during WWII.
Allies: in WWII, Great Britain, the U.S., Soviet Union, and other allied nations.
Manchurian Incident: Japan’s seizure of Manchuria in 1932.
cash and carry: U.S. policy that allowed sales of nonmilitary goods to countries engaged in war as long as the nations paid cash and transported the goods themselves.
American First Committee: tried to stop U.S. aid to Great Britain before WWII.
Lend-Lease Act: allowed the president to loan arms to friendly countries.
Selective Training and Service Act: forced male Americans between 21 and 36 to register for military service.
GI: “Government Issue”; slang for a U.S. serviceman.
Office of War Mobilization: agency created to lead other agencies in the war effort.
Liberty ships: large, sturdy merchant ships built during WWII.
victory garden: a home garden to supplement food supplies during WWII.
carpet bombing: dropping large numbers of bombs over a wide area.
concentration camps: places where political prisoners are held.
genocide: deliberate destruction of an entire ethnic or cultural group.
death camps: facilities built to allow executions of large groups of people.

1. The invasion of what European country by the Soviet Union and Germany began WWII?

Bonus: What was the name of the U.S. project which created the first atomic weapons?
The Manhattan Project


GA Standard 25: Ronald Reagan Begin p. 1096
1. When did Reagan win the presidency?

2-4. Briefly describe Regan’s early political career.

5. Explain the American Liberty League.

6. What was the “Great Society”?

7. Who were “Reagan Democrats”?

8. What was the main issue of those in the New Right?

9-11. The three policies Reagan promised to address if elected were:

12. How did Reagan handle the Air Traffic Controllers’ Strike?

13. What would happen under New Federalism?

14. SDI was more commonly known as?

15. What happened in Grenada?

Alternate End-of-year Project

U.S. History Shirley Alternate End-of-Year Project

Task: create a storyboard, book, or PowerPoint with illustrations for GA Social Studies Standards 10-25. All of these standards can be found online.

Due 19 May.

For each standard, show *at least* one illustration. This can be a picture or painting you have found, or a drawing. If creating a poster, book, or storyboard, label each illustration with a number or letter. On a separate sheet of paper, identify in your own words what each illustration depicts, and give a one or two-sentence explanation of why it is appropriate for each standard.


“Illustration C shows African-American students entering (name of school) in Mongomery, Alabama, for the first time after integration was ordered. This was a result of the Brown v Board of Education decision, which is covered in GA Standard 22.”

Your sources must be listed on another sheet of paper or at the end of your document. Each must be labeled with a number or letter showing which illustration it is linked with. For each source, you need:

C: Author (Last and first name). Name of publication (book, magazine, website). Date of publication. Location (physical location of publisher, if a book. URL of website, if a web address).