US History Standard 10 study guide.
Lincoln’s Reconstruction Plan was known as the _____ _________ Plan, since it allowed Southern states to hold state conventions to create new state constitutions after only 10% of voters in that state had sworn allegiance to the Union.
Actor John _______ Booth shot Abraham Lincoln in Ford’s Theater with a derringer. After jumping onto the stage- injuring his leg in the process- he turned to the crowd and yelled “________ __________ _____________” (“thus always to __________”)! Booth was tracked down with an accomplice and surrounded as he and David Herold hid in a ___________. When he refused to come out, the building was set on fire. Booth was shot by Sergeant Boston ________.
After Lincoln’s death, ___________ __________, a former tailor from North Carolina, became president. His plan was known as ___________ _____________, and was even more generous to the South than Lincoln’s plan had been. He would often conflict with __________ ____________, who believed the Civil War had been fought over the morality of slavery.
The newly freed slaves, known as ________, usually had no land. General _________ _________ did give 40-acre plots to freedmen in South Carolina in 1865, but this land was later returned by President Johnson.
The __________ ___________ was created in 1865 to help newly freed slaves adjust. It was the first major federal relief agency, and in four years, it gave clothing, medical supplies, and millions of meals to both black and white war refugees. It also provided schooling to over 250,000 black students. _________, vagrancy laws, labor contracts, and land restrictions were all examples of ______ ________ (laws designed to restrict the freedoms of black Americans). Congress reacted by passing the _______ ________ Act that outlawed black codes. President Johnson _______ the ______ ______ Act, but Congress overrode the veto and later passed the ______ ______________ in an attempt to keep the Civil Rights Act from being overruled by the courts. In 1866, whites in Tennessee, Louisiana, and New York ________, killing hundreds of African Americans. President Johnson gave speeches against the 14th Amendment during the 1866 elections. In response, many Radical Republicans were voted into office. These radicals passed the ___________ Act of 1867, which divided the South into five districts under military rule, temporarily barred those who had supported the Confederacy from voting, and required states to ratify the 14th Amendment.
In an attempt to limit the power of the president, congress passed the _______ __ ________ Act in 1867. When Johnson fired Secretary of War ________ __________, this act was used to attempt to _________ the president. Johnson escaped removal from office by one vote. In 1868, former general _________ ___ __________ was elected president. The 15th Amendment gave Americans of any “race, color or previous condition of servitude” the right to _______.
Wilkes ... tyrants ... Presidential Reconstruction ... Sic semper tyrannis ... barn ... black codes ... vote ... William Sherman ... Corbett ... Ten Percent ... Curfews ... Andrew Johnson ... rioted ... freedmen ... Civil Rights ... vetoed ... 14th Amendment ... Reconstruction ... Tenure of Office ... Edwin Stanton ... impeach ... Civil Rights ... Radical Republicans ... Ulysses S. Grant ... Freedmen’s Bureau